Identifikasi Penerapan Dan Pemahaman Kesehatan Dan Keselamatan Kerja Dengan Metode Hazard And Operability Study (Hazop) Pada UMKM Eka Jaya

Sri Rahayuningsih(1*),

(1) Jurusan Teknik Industri, Fakultas Teknik. Universitas Kadiri
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


This study aims to determine the risks if you do not apply and understand about Occupational Safety and Health (K3) while working or in the Eka Jaya UMKM area located at Jl. Moh. Hatta, RT 04, RW 03, Sembung, Tulungagung- East Java. In this study using the method of the Hazard And Operability Study Method (HAZOP) which aims to identify risks in the work area. With this method, obtained HAZOP sheets in the form of fields such as: Point of study, Parameters, Keywords, Causes, Effects. In addition, risk assessment is also used to determine the value of likelyhood and severity, then determine risk ratings with risk matrix tables and risk assessments. After seeing the case and identifying the problem, the object being examined is: a stirring machine, a soaking tub, a temperature in the outdoor and indoor work area. Then enter the potential hazard stage, categorize according to the assessment that occurs, if the low risk gives a green color, adjust it to the matrix table and the riskvalue. After identifying these problems, we found that the risk of not wearing personal protective equipment was in the low category, high temperature during the medium frying process, slipping while in the immersion bath, neglecting the operation of the machine because the machine was not covered by v-belt in the high category, in terms of design is to provide open space for frying division workers.

Keyword : HAZOP, Likelyhood, Matrix, Risk, Severity, V-belt

 

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui risiko-risiko jika tidak menerapkan dan memahami tentang Keselamatan dan Kesehatan Kerja (K3) saat bekerja di area UMKM Eka Jaya yang beralamat di Jl. Moh. Hatta, RT 04, RW 03, Sembung, Tulungagung - Jawa Timur. Dalam penelitian ini menggunakan metode Metode Hazard And Operability Study (HAZOP) yang bertujuan untuk mengidentifikasi risiko-risiko dalam area kerja tersebut. Dengan metode ini, didapat hasil penelitian HAZOP berupa bidang antara lain : titik kajian, parameter, kata kunci, penyebab, akibat. Selain itu, juga digunakan penilaian risiko untuk menentukan nilai likelyhood dan severity, kemudian penentuan peringkat risiko dengan tabel matriks risiko dan penilaian risiko. Setelah melihat kasus dan identifikasi masalah, objek yang di teliti yaitu: Mesin pengaduk, Bak perendaman, Suhu dalam area kerja outdoor dan indoor. Kemudian masuk ke tahap potensi bahaya, dikelompokkan menurut penilaian yang terjadi, jika risiko rendah diberi warna hijau, sesuaikan dengan tabel matriks dan nilai risiko. Setelah identifikasi permasalahan tersebut, didapat hasil bahwa risiko tidak memakai alat pelindung diri masuk kategori rendah, suhu tinggi waktu proses penggorengan masuk kategori sedang, terpeleset saat di bak perendaman, kelalaian pengoperasian mesin karena mesin tidak tertutup bagian v-belt masuk kategori tinggi, dalam hal desain adalah menyediakan ruang terbuka untuk pekerja divisi penggorengan.

Kata kunci: HAZOP, Likelyhood, Matriks, Risiko, Severity, V-belt


Full Text:

PDF

References


Y. Chrismardani, “Komunikasi Pemasaran Terpadu : Implementasi Untuk Umkm,” Neo-Bis - J. Neraca, Ekon. dan Bisnis, 2014.

R. Purwaningsih and P. Kusuma Damar, “Analisis Faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi Kinerja Usaha Kecil dan Menengah (UKM) dengan Metode Structural Equation Modeling (Studi kasus UKM berbasis Industri Kreatif Kota Semarang),” E-Journal Undip, 2015.

D. H. Wibowo, Z. Arifin, and . Sunarti, “Analisis Strategi Pemasaran Untuk Meningkatkan Daya Saing UMKM (Studi pada Batik Diajeng Solo),” J. Adm. Bisnis, vol. 29, no. 1, pp. 59–66, 2015.

T. Siregar, Ameilia Zuliyanti, “Aneka keripik tempe bergizi dan tepat guna mendukung kedaulatan pangan,” Abdimas Talent., 2018.

T. Kristanto, E. C. Muliawati, R. Arief, and S. Hidayat, “Peningkatan Kualitas Produksi UKM Percetakan di Karangpilang Surabaya dan Krian Sidoarjo,” AKSIOLOGIYA J. Pengabdi. Kpd. Masy., vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 33–38, 2018.

D. Retnowati, “Analisa Risiko K3 Dengan Pendekatan Hazard and Operability Study (Hazop),” Tek. Eng. Sains J., vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 41–46, 2017.

International Labor Organization, Meningkatkan Keselamatan dan Kesehatan Pekerja Muda. Jakarta: ILO, 2018.

N. Fridayanti and R. Kusumasmoro, “Penerapan Keselamatan Dan Kesehatan Kerja Di PT Ferron Par Pharmaceuticals Bekasi,” J. Adm. KANTOR, Vol. 4, No.1, Juni 2016, 211-234 P-ISSN 2337-6694 E-ISSN 2527-9769, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 211–234, 2016.

D. Arena, F. Criscione, and N. Trapani, “Risk assessment in a chemical plant with a CPN-HAZOP Tool,” IFAC-PapersOnLine, vol. 51, no. 11, pp. 939–944, 2018.

F. Crawley and B. Tyler, “Chapter 2 - Process Hazard Studies,” in HAZOP: Guide to Best Practice (Third Edition), Third Edition., F. Crawley and B. Tyler, Eds. Elsevier, 2015, pp. 4–9.

M. [Angel de la O Herrera], A. S. Luna, A. C. A. [da Costa], and E. M. [Blanco Lemes], “A structural approach to the HAZOP – Hazard and operability technique in the biopharmaceutical industry,” J. Loss Prev. Process Ind., vol. 35, pp. 1–11, 2015.

D. P. Restuputri and R. P. D. Sari, “Analisis Kecelakaan Kerja Dengan Menggunakan Metode Hazard and Operability Study ( Hazop ),” J. Ilm. Tek. Ind., vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 24–35, 2015.

V. [Casson Moreno] and V. Cozzani, “Integrated hazard identification within the risk management of industrial biological processes,” Saf. Sci., vol. 103, pp. 340–351, 2018.

L. Allford and R. Gowland, “Foreword,” HAZOP Guid. to Best Pract., pp. ix–xi, 2015.

P. K. Marhavilas, M. Filippidis, G. K. Koulinas, and D. E. Koulouriotis, “A HAZOP with MCDM based risk-assessment approach: Focusing on the deviations with economic/health/environmental impacts in a process industry,” Sustain., vol. 12, no. 3, 2020.

F. Crawley and B. Tyler, “Chapter 5 - Organizing a HAZOP Study,” in HAZOP: Guide to Best Practice (Third Edition), Third Edition., F. Crawley and B. Tyler, Eds. Elsevier, 2015, pp. 29–42.

H. P. Bloch, “Root Cause Failure Analysis,” in Petrochemical Machinery Insights, 2017.

L. T. Dewi, “Analisis Tingkat Resiko Bahaya Muskuloskeletal Aktivitas Industri Kecil Makanan di Yogyakarta,” J. Metris, vol. 17, pp. 107–112, 2016.

B. Yanar, M. Lay, and P. M. Smith, “The Interplay Between Supervisor Safety Support and Occupational Health and Safety Vulnerability on Work Injury,” Saf. Health Work, vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 172–179, 2019.

F. Crawley and B. Tyler, “Chapter 4 - The Detailed HAZOP Study Procedure,” in HAZOP: Guide to Best Practice (Third Edition), Third Edition., F. Crawley and B. Tyler, Eds. Elsevier, 2015, pp. 13–28.

N. Boonthum, U. Mulalee, and T. Srinophakun, “A systematic formulation for HAZOP analysis based on structural model,” Reliab. Eng. Syst. Saf., vol. 121, pp. 152–163, 2014.

F. Crawley and B. Tyler, Eds., “Appendix 3 - An Illustration of HAZOP Study for a Continuous Operation,” in HAZOP: Guide to Best Practice (Third Edition), Third Edition., Elsevier, 2015, pp. 101–121.

G. E. M. Soputan, B. F. Sompie, R. J. M. Mandagi, D. Pascasarjana, T. Sipil, and U. Sam, “MANAJEMEN RISIKO KESEHATAN DAN KESELAMATAN KERJA ( K3 ) ( Study Kasus Pada Pembangunan Gedung SMA Eben Haezar ),” vol. 4, no. 4, pp. 229–238, 2014.

Dickson, “Pengertian Alat Pelindung Diri dan Jenis - Jenis APD,” www.produksielektronik.com, 2015. [Online]. Available: https://www.produksielektronik.com/pengertian-alat-pelindung-diri-apd-k3-jenis-apd/. [Accessed: 28-Nov-2019].

F. S. Lagata, “GAMBARAN PERILAKU PENGGUNAAN ALAT PELINDUNG DIRI (APD) PADA PEKERJA DI DEPERTEMEN PRODUKSI PT. MARUKI INTERNASIONAL INDONESIA MAKASSAR TAHUN 2015,” UNIVERSITAS ISLAM NEGERI ALAUDDIN MAKASSAR, 2015.

M. A. Bora, D. B. Tarigan, and Larisang, “Perancangan Alat Pelindung Diri ( APD ) Penutup Bahu dan Lengan yang Ergonomis pada Proses Pengelasan di PT . McDermott,” vol. 2017, no. 1, pp. 4–6, 2017.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.30737/jatiunik.v2i1.274

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 426 times
PDF - 277 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2019 JATI UNIK : Jurnal Ilmiah Teknik dan Manajemen Industri



Creative Commons License
JATI UNIK is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.