Mengurangi Durasi Pelaksanaan Proyek Dengan Menggunakan Metode Time Cost Trade Off

Muhammad Rizal Hermawan(1*), Ahmad Ridwan(2), Suwarno Suwarno(3),

(1) Faculty of Engineering, Kadiri University
(2) Faculty of Engineering, Kadiri University
(3) Faculty of Engineering, Kadiri University
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Construction project management is one of the things that affect the smooth work of construction projects. Time and cost become benchmarks in the success of a project. In the construction project Bhayangkara Nganjuk hospital indicated experiencing delays caused by unse endorsive weather conditions. The delay will have an impact on the costs that will be incurred. The purpose of this research is to accelerate the time on the project by using the time cost trade off method. Development work includes IGD room work, Pharmaceutical Installation, Laboratory and Inpatiation Room. The data used in the form of Time schedule and budget plan costs obtained from the implementing contractor. From the data, analysis is carried out in the form of determination of relationships between jobs, determination of critical pathways, and acceleration analysis by applying a work shift system. The relationship between jobs is illustrated through the Microsoft Project. The results of the study obtained a total cost after acceleration of Rp. 3,873,505,632.00 the value was more expensive 11.25% than the normal cost of the project of Rp 3,481,698,000.00. With an accelerated duration of 125 days or 25.71% faster than the normal duration of the project of 180 days. So that from these results, it can be used as a reference in the implementation of the project regarding work hours that can be applied as well as the cost of the project and the duration of acceleration required.


Keywords


Microsoft Project; Project Acceleration; Time Cost Trade Off; Work Shift

Full Text:

PDF Similarity

References


B. Zakariyya, A. Ridwan, and S. Suwarno, “Analisis Biaya Dan Jadwal Proyek Pembangunan Gedung Dinas Kesehatan Kabupaten Trenggalek Dengan Metode Earned Value,” J. Manaj. Teknol. Tek. Sipil, vol. 3, no. 2, p. 362, 2020, doi: 10.30737/jurmateks.v3i2.1197.

H. Prasetiawan, A. Ridwan, and Y. Cahyo, “Evaluasi Pengendalian Mutu Pada Proyek Pembangunan Obyek Wisata Sedudo Di Kabupaten Nganjuk,” J. Manaj. Teknol. Tek. Sipil, vol. 2, no. 1, p. 65, 2019, doi: 10.30737/jurmateks.v2i1.392.

R. Atkinson, “Project management: Cost, time and quality, two best guesses and a phenomenon, its time to accept other success criteria,” Int. J. Proj. Manag., vol. 17, no. 6, pp. 337–342, 1999, doi: 10.1016/S0263-7863(98)00069-6.

P. P. Control, P. M. Performance, and D. Contexts, “Project Portfolio Control and Portfolio,” Proj. Manag. J., vol. 39, no. October, pp. 28–42, 2008, doi: 10.1002/pmj.

A. Frederika, “Analisis Percepatan Pelaksanaan Dengan Menambah Jam Kerja Optimum Pada Proyek Konstruksi (Studi Kasus: Proyek Pembangunan Super Villa, Peti Tenget-Badung),” J. Ilm. Tek. Sipil, vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 113–126, 2010.

R. Hidayah, A. Ridwan, and Y. Cahyo, “Analisa Perbandingan Manajemen Waktu Antara Perencanaan dan Pelaksanaan,” J. Manaj. Teknol. Tek. Sipil, vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 281–290, 2015.

W. R. Putra, A. Ridwan, Y. Cahyo, and A. I. Candra, “Studi Pelaksanaan Kinerja Percepatan Waktu Pada Proyek Pembangunan Gedung Bank Darah Rumah Sakit Dr. Soedomo,” J. Manaj. Teknol. Tek. Sipil, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 76–85, 2020, doi: 10.30737/jurmateks.v3i1.892.

M. R. Priyo, Mandiyo dan Aulia, “Aplikasi Metode Time Cost Trade Off Pada Proyek Konstruksi : Studi Kasus Proyek Pembangunan Gedung Indonesia,” Semesta Tek., vol. 18, no. 1, pp. 30–43, 2016.

N. G. Hall, “Project management: Recent developments and research opportunities,” J. Syst. Sci. Syst. Eng., vol. 21, no. 2, pp. 129–143, 2012, doi: 10.1007/s11518-012-5190-5.

M. Priyo and A. Sumanto, “Analisis Percepatan Waktu Dan Biaya Proyek Konstruksi Dengan Penambahan Jam Kerja (Lembur) Menggunakan Metode Time Cost Trade Off : Studi Kasus Proyek Pembangunan Prasarana Pengendali Banjir,” Semesta Tek., vol. 19, no. 1, pp. 1–15, 2016.

P. Olivia et al., “Analisa Percepatan Waktu Proyek Menggunakan Metode Crashing (Studi Kasus : Peningkatan Jalan Pelantaran – Parenggean – Tumbang Sangai),” J. Tek. J. Teor. dan Terap. Bid. Keteknikan, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 41–52, 2019.

D. Sudarsana, “Pengendalian Biaya Dan Jadual Terpadu Pada Proyek Konstruksi.,” J. Ilm. Tek. Sipil, vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 117–125, 2008.

A. W. Laksana, H. S. Prasetyo, M. A. Wibowo, and A. Hidayat, “Optimalisasi Waktu dan Biaya Proyek dengan Analisa Crash Program,” J. Karya Tek. Sipil, vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 747–759, 2014.

A. Husen, “Manajemen Proyek,” Yogyakarta Andi Offset, 2009.

M. Talomau, “Kajian Metode Penjadwalan Proyek Konstruksi,” 2018.

M. Kholil, B. Nurul Alfa, and M. Hariadi, “Scheduling of House Development Projects with CPM and PERT Method for Time Efficiency (Case Study: House Type 36),” IOP Conf. Ser. Earth Environ. Sci., vol. 140, no. 1, 2018, doi: 10.1088/1755-1315/140/1/012010.

H. Maylor, “Beyond the Gantt chart:: Project management moving on,” Eur. Manag. J., vol. 19, no. 1, pp. 92–100, 2001, doi: 10.1016/S0263-2373(00)00074-8.

P. L. A. Luthan, “Progress Report Di era Industri 4.0:(Aplikasi MS. Project),” Deepublish, 2019.

C. Genua, S. Giuffrida, and S. Rinaudo, “‘Gantt charts for production flow’ framework,” IFAC Proc. Vol., vol. 12, no. PART 1, 2006, doi: 10.3182/20060517-3-fr-2903.00350.

A. Oktavia and M. Rompis, “Optimasi Waktu Proyek Dengan Penambahan Jam Kerja Menggunakan Precedence Diagram Method Pada Proyek Rehabilitasi Puskesmas Minanga,” J. Sipil Statik, vol. 7, no. 9, 2019.

. Wayne D Cottrell, “Simplified Program Evaluation and Review Technique (PERT),” Constr. Eng. Manag., vol. 125, no. February, pp. 16–22, 1999.

J. R. San Cristobal, “Critical Path Definition Using Multicriteria Decision Making: PROMETHEE Method,” J. Manag. Eng., vol. 29, no. 2, pp. 158–163, 2013, doi: 10.1061/(asce)me.1943-5479.0000135.

M. F. Nagata, W. A. Manginelli, J. S. Lowe, and T. J. Trauner, Delay Analysis Using Critical Path Method Schedules. 2018.

J. C. Livengood, “Use of Project Schedules and the Critical Path Method in Claims,” Constr. Contract Claims, Chang. Disput. Resolut., pp. 175–200, 2016, doi: 10.1061/9780784414293.ch08.

J. D. Wiest, “Precedence diagramming method: Some unusual characteristics and their implications for project managers,” J. Oper. Manag., vol. 1, no. 3, pp. 121–130, 1981, doi: 10.1016/0272-6963(81)90015-2.

A. D. Susanto and O. S. Suharyo, “the Optimization of Multipurpose Building Development on Project Scheduling Using Precedence Diagram Method ( Pdm ),” Int. J. ASRO, vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 1–7, 2018.

S. Zareei, “Project scheduling for constructing biogas plant using critical path method,” Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev., vol. 81, no. August 2017, pp. 756–759, 2018, doi: 10.1016/j.rser.2017.08.025.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.30737/jurmateks.v4i2.1829

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 310 times
PDF - 90 times Similarity - 10 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


EMAIL : jurmateks@unik-kediri.ac.id


 

Lisensi Creative Commons
JURMATEKS is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.