The Contribution of Women Farming Workers on Household Income
Case Study in Sugihwaras Village, Kalitengah District, Lamongan Regency
Keywords:Contribution, female, household, income
The village of Sugihwaras of Lamongan Regency is an agricultural area where most of the farmers are paddy farmers with female farm workers. One aspect to examine in the area is the role of rural women in agriculture as members of the household, the outpouring of workdays they do for their daily activities, and to what extent this affects their family's farming income. The study aimed to determine the number of working hours and the contribution of female farm labourers to household income. The study employed a simple random sampling of 60 respondents with interview techniques using a questionnaire. The method of analysis was descriptive analysis. The results obtained that the working hours of female farm workers for one year per hectare of the land area were 540 hours, devoted to paddy farming twice annually. The contribution of female farm workers to household income was IDR 1,687,500 per month or IDR48,600,000 per year per hectare, from paddy farming for two growing seasons annually. It is suggested that the amount of working hours and the contribution of female farm workers to household income is very small, so efforts should be made to increase the number of hours they work so that the income they earn can increase. Efforts are being made, namely raising livestock, as well as training in the manufacture of processed by-products of agriculture, for instance by making sweet potato chips and other preparations that can be sold.
Aaboen, L., & Fredriksson, A. (2016). The relationship development aspect of production transfer. Journal of Purchasing and Supply Management, 22(1), 53-65. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pursup.2015.08.001
Alif, M. (2017). Partisipasi Petani Dalam Komunikasi Penyuluhan ( Studi Pada Kelompok Tani Sumber Murni Kelurahan Landasan Ulin Utara Kecamatan. Metacommunication: Journal Of Communication Studies, 2(2), 155-168.
Ata, S., Shahbaz, B., Ahmad, M., & Khan, I. A. (2012). FACTORS HAMPERING DATE PALM PRODUCTION IN THE PUNJAB: A CASE STUDY OF D . G . KHAN DISTRICT, 49(2), 217-220.
Burhan, A. B. (2018). Pemanfaatan Teknologi Informasi Dan Komunikasi Untuk Pengembangan Ekonomi Pertanian Dan Pengentasan Kemiskinan. Jurnal Komunikasi Pembangunan, 16(2), 233-247. https://doi.org/10.29244/jurnalkmp.16.2.233-247
Coelli, T. J., Prasada Rao, D. S., O'Donnell, C. J., & Battese, G. E. (2005). An introduction to efficiency and productivity analysis. An Introduction to Efficiency and Productivity Analysis. https://doi.org/10.1007/b136381
Dahlin, A. S., & Rusinamhodzi, L. (2019). Yield and labor relations of sustainable intensification options for smallholder farmers in sub-Saharan Africa. A meta-analysis. Agronomy for Sustainable Development, 39(3). https://doi.org/10.1007/s13593-019-0575-1
Emmy Hamidah. (2020). Ubi Jalar Sahabat Keluarga (Pendukung Ketahanan Pangan Keluarga). Dandelion Publisher Taman Kenari Jogorawi Cireureup Bogor Jawa Barat.
FAO. (2014). Rural Employment - Turning family farm activity into decent work. Fao, (July). Retrieved from www.fao-ilo.org
Garner, E., & de la O Campos, A. P. (2014). Identifying the family farm. ESA Working Paper, (14), 1-30.
Hamidah, E., Rahayu, E. S., Sutrisno, J., & Marwanti, S. (2021). Determination of Effectiveness and Efficiency of Production Factors in Sweet Potato Farming in Lamongan, Indonesia. International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology, 11(6), 2180-2188. https://doi.org/10.18517/ijaseit.11.6.15245
Hamidah, E., Rahayu, E. S., Sutrisno, J., & Marwanti, S. (2021). Economic analysis of sweet potato (Ipomoea batata L.) farming in Lamongan regency. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 637(1). https://doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/637/1/012016
Imai, K., Gaiha, R., & Bresciani, F. (2019). The labour productivity gap between the agricultural and nonagricultural sectors, and poverty and inequality reduction in Asia. Asian Development Review, 36(1), 112-135. https://doi.org/10.1162/adev_a_00125
Jaisridhar, P., Sankhala, G., Kadian, K. S., Kumar, S., & Sangeetha, S. (2013). FACTORS DETERMINING ADOPTION OF SCIENTIFIC DAIRY FARMING WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO FARMER â€™ S CALL CENTRE OF TAMIL NADU, 50(4), 549-553.
Krause, J., & Spicka, J. (2017). Analysis of economic performance and opportunities for the development of organic farming: Case study of the Czech Republic. Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 54(3), 717-24. https://doi.org/10.21162/PAKJAS/17.2527
Kreneva, S. G., Halturina, E. N., Larionova, T. P., Shvetsov, M. N., & Tereshina, V. V. (2015). Influence of factors of production on efficiency of production systems. Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences, 6(3), 411-418. https://doi.org/10.5901/mjss.2015.v6n3s7p411
Kurniawan, A. Y. (2010). Faktor-faktor yang Mempengaruhi Efisiensi Teknis pada Usahatani Padi Lahan Pasang Surut di Kecamatan Anjir Muara Kabupaten Barito Kuala Kalimantan Selatan. Epp, 7, 23-29.
Marasinghe, W. M. D. K., Edirisinghe, J. C., & Lokuge, L. D. M. N. (2015). 7862-27697-1-Sm, 4(2), 47-58.
Lisanty, N, Pamujiati, A. D., & Purba, Y. Z. W. (2022). Constraints To Irrigated Rice Farming Technology Adoption In Indonesia. In R. S. Sundari & K. Belliturk (Eds.), Sustainable Agriculture Leads To Zero Hunger (1st ed., pp. 155–178). iksad publishing house. https://iksadyayinevi.com/wp-content/uploads/2022/07/SUSTAINABLEAGRICULTURE-LEADS-TO-ZERO-HUNGER-.pdf
Lisanty, Nina, Andajani, W., Pamudjiati, A. D., & Artini, W. (2021). Regional Overview of Food Security from Two Dimensions: Availability and Access to Food, East Java Province. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1899(1), 4–10. https://doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/1899/1/012067
Lisanty, Nina, & Tokuda, H. (2015). Comprehending Poverty in Rural Indonesia: An In-depth Look Inside Paddy Farmer Household in Marginal Land Area of Banyuasin District, South Sumatra Province. International Journal of Social Science Studies, 3(3), 129–137. https://doi.org/10.11114/ijsss.v3i3.686
Marisa, J., & Sitepu, S. A. (2020). Relationship Analysis between Production Factors with Business Production of Beef Cattle Livestock in Binjai Barat District, Indonesia. Asian Journal of Advanced Research and Reports, 9(1), 1-7.
Musliu, A., Frangu, B., Popp, J. S., Thomsen, M., & Kemper, N. (2019). Technical efficiency estimation of dairy farming in Kosovo. New Medit, 18(3), 77-84. https://doi.org/10.30682/nm1903f
Oeng Anwarudin et al. (2021). FullBook Sistem Penyuluhan Pertanian.
Ramadhana, Y. D. F., & Subekti, S. (2021). Pemanfaatan Metode Penyuluhan Pertanian oleh Petani Cabai Merah Utilization of Agricultural Explanation Methods by Red Chilli Farmers Penyuluhan pertanian dan penerapan inovasi bagi kegiatan pertanian selalu digencarkan dengan program yang mampu merubah s. KIRANA: Jurnal Komunikasi Dan Penyuluhan Pertanian, 2(2), 113-133.
Rosnita, Yulisa, R., & Edwina, S. (2014). Curahan Waktu Wanita Dan Kontribusinya Terhadap Pendapatan Rumah Tangga. Jurnal Parallela, 1(2), 143-150.
Saputra, B. E., Triyanto, M., Murdi, L., Hadi, M. S., Murcahyanto, H., & Hamzanwadi, U. (2022). Peranan Penyuluh Pertanian Lapangan Pada Masyarakat Di Era Modern. Jurnal Pendidikan Sejarah Dan Riset Sosial Humaniora (KAGANGA), 5(2), 289-301.
Shahe Emran, M., & Shilpi, F. (2014). Agricultural Productivity, Hired Labor, Wages and Poverty: Evidence from Bangladesh. SSRN Electronic Journal, MPRA Paper(58099). https://doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2485946
Stenchly, K., Feldt, T., Weiss, D., Andriamparany, J. N., & Buerkert, A. (2019). The explanatory power of silent comics: An assessment in the context of knowledge transfer and agricultural extension to rural communities in southwestern Madagascar. PLoS ONE, 14(6). https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0217843
Sudjana. (1995). Metode Statistika. Tarsito Bandung.
Sudrajat, I. S., Rahayu, E. S., & Kusnandar, S. (2017). EFFECT OF SOCIAL FACTORS IN STOCHASTIC FRONTIER PROFIT OF ORGANIC RICE FARMING IN BOYOLALI. Bulgarian Journal of Agricultural Science, 23(4), 551-559.
Triyono, Rahmawati, N., & Isnawan, B. H. (2020). Technical efficiency of rice farm under risk of uncertainty weather in Yogyakarta, Indonesia. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 423(1). https://doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/423/1/012036
Vermeulen, S. J., Dinesh, D., Howden, S. M., Cramer, L., & Thornton, P. K. (2018). Transformation in Practice: A Review of Empirical Cases of Transformational Adaptation in Agriculture Under Climate Change. Frontiers in Sustainable Food Systems, 2(October), 17. https://doi.org/10.3389/fsufs.2018.00065
Yusiana, E. (2018). Pembuatan Keripik Ubi Aneka Rasa oleh Kelompok Wanita Tani Harapan Baru di Distrik Walelagama , Jayawijaya , Papua ( The Make Sweet Potato Chips with Different Flavor by Women Group Farmers Harapan Baru in Walelagama District , Jayawijaya , Papua ). Jurnal Ilmiah Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat, 4(November), 92-97.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2023 Jurnal Agrinika : Jurnal Agroteknologi dan Agribisnis
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgment of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal. Permitted third party reuse is defined by the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs (CC BY-NC-ND). This permission allows users to copy and distribute the Article, provided this is not done for commercial purposes and further does not permit distribution of the Article if it is changed or edited in any way, and provided the user gives appropriate credit (with a link to the formal publication through the relevant DOI), provides a link to the license, and that the licensor is not represented as endorsing the use made of the work.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgment of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work.
- For open access publishing, this journal uses an exclusive licensing agreement. Authors will retain copyright but license exclusive rights in their article to Kadiri University. Authors have the right to share their article in the same ways permitted to third parties under the relevant user license, as well as certain scholarly usage rights.